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One must check for sharp edges, small parts that may break off and non toxic durable paints It should be too large to be wallowed The equipment should be labeled as non toxic Equipment must not break easily or chip off from the edges. Nor must it have any jagged edges that could harm them The equipment must not have any detachable pieces which can harm the baby or toddler in any case or lodge into a child’s ear, nostrils or the windpipe The equipment must not catch a child’s hair or pinch fingers In the equipment, there should be no opening between 3. 5 to 9 inches as a child can place his or her body in the opening and get stuck.
This can sometimes lead to sudden death. Since the hand is wider than the body the head may not be able to pass through. Hence, resulting in serious injury or death. Children aged 3-6 years While choosing equipment for children of this age, one must look into the design and quality construction of the equipment before one decides to buy it Equipments that produce a lot of noise should be avoided while buying for children of this age because this can damage their hearings and propelled objects can injure the eyes When buying the equipment for the children of this age, many factors needs to be taken into consideration i. Age, interest of the child, a child’s abilities, and also according to the developmental level of the child. Toys or equipments that are bought should be such which can be easily handled by the child. They shouldn’t be too complex for a young child to operate themselves. A lot of toys and equipment at stores which has specifications and age limit labeled on the toy itself. Such suggested age range aids in choosing the toys that are appealing, good looking and also safe and intellectually stimulating for a child. Before buying any toy, it is essential to read the label
Games, chemistry sets, shooting toys or electrically operated toys that needs supervision while a child is playing should be considered well enough before buying. Also a parent permission must be taken before buying their child a toy or is given to play it Answer 3: In order to ensure that the equipment purchased did not cause lead poisoning, several factors need to be taken into account that is as follows One should see before buying any such equipment and buy a lead free equipment Adults should carefully check the labels before buying an equipment
They should be careful while buying the toys, and no toys must be bought from vending Only unleaded paints must be purchased and used at all times One should make sure that the equipment does have any sort of contaminated dust They should make sure that the equipment bought /purchased doesn’t have lead-based paint The equipment should be kept clean at all times, and made sure that the equipment is cleaned with a solution of powdered automatic dishwashing detergent, trim-sodium phosphate detergent or lead specific cleaning product Answer 4 A child’s developmental level can affect his or her health and safety months to 6 months When babies start crawling, there are lot of things that needs to be looked upon and they should be under constant supervision. Any small items that maybe on the floor should be removed as the baby could choke if they place them in their mouth. This can lead to sudden death as they won’t be able to breathe and might be taken to emergency. Babies have a tendency to put their fingers in the plug socket, hence plug socket covers/protectors must be used in order to prevent from electric shock. When the babies start crawling, the risk of falling down and hurting themselves also increases along side. This is especially when a baby crawls up or down the stairs or off a raised surface i. E. Bed, cot, rocker etc.
This is why it is extremely important to keep them under constant supervision at this age. Safety gates should also be placed at the top and the bottom of the stairs to decrease the chances of a baby slipping down the stairs especially when they had just started/learnt crawling. Babies should be kept out of kitchen. Hot drinks or water should be kept away and on the top out of a baby’s reach to prevent it from falling down on the baby if they try to fetch it, and also prevent a baby from eyeing burned or scalded. 6 months – 15 months For a child at this stage, risks to injury increases. There is a risk of falling and a risk when they try to climb.
For these reasons safety equipment such as safety gates etc should be used in all the rooms and the stairs. The baby shouldn’t be left alone at any time and should be kept under supervision, as they might as well choke while eating. Fire guards should be kept in place in order to prevent a child from launching a fire and getting burned, which might lead to death as well. Dangerous and sharp edges or corners of the furniture should be kept covered o that a child doesn’t cause any injury to himself while crawling or walking. Sun hats and high factor sunscreens should be applied to prevent a child from being sun burned or sun stroked Appropriate child’s seats and belts should be used to prevent a child in case of an accident. – 3 years The locks should be applied to all doors and windows but a key must be easily accessed by an adult in case of fire or any emergency Medicines and chemicals should be locked away to prevent the child from poisoning Bags and strings should be kept away to prevent strangulation or suffocation Knives or sharp teems should be locked away to prevent injury if launched Ponds and pools should also be covered to prevent from drowning 4- 10 years At this stage, a child is exposed to the world so the child is interested most in the things around them. This is the best time to teach and educate them about things that are dangerous, such as walking or running into the road while the cars are moving, talking to strangers and taking gifts from them or touching the oven or fires as they will get burned or injured.
Answer 5:- Air-borne transmission Birth to 3 years of age Most effective method to control is immunization Exclude the child from care until medical treatment is completed 3 to 6 years of age Exclusion of sick children Practice of good personal hygiene especially careful hand washing Disinfecting of toys and surfaces Grade 1 to Grade 3 Prevention through education and good personal hygiene Identify and exclude sick children Antibiotic treatment should be given to children before they return to school/ group care Notify parents of exposed children to contact their physician Practice of good hand washing techniques Sanitize of contaminated objects The fecal-oral route Exclude children during acute illnesses
After the bowel movements, careful hand washing should be done by them Strict adherence must be there to the sanitary procedures for the preparation of food 3 to 6 years of age & Grade 1 to Grade 3 Practice frequent hand washing, especially after coming back from the toilet and before preparing the food Maintaining sanitary condition in the toilets and bathroom areas Infected children must be excluded from school and sent home until they are treated with medication. They should only be allowed to return back to school after initial dose or fully treated School toilet seats and sink endless should be disinfected at least once a day Direct and Indirect contact Avoid sharing eating utensils with children Avoid kissing them in their mouth face or lips All contacts of the infected person should be notified Practice frequent hand washing, especially after changing nappies Children should be excluded from school, day cares, group care until they are fully treated Affected person should take care of his hygiene i. E. Use the prescribed soap given by a doctor to bath.